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Common infant first year trauma and strains.

Picture of sleeping infant

I was at a seminar recently about treating childhood injuries. Some of the facts and statistics that they were providing was eye opening and I thought I would pass it along to my readers. Children from infants to teenagers are subjected to repetitive stress and strain on a daily basis. The first five years of life are the most important for a healthy spine. Hopefully this information is helpful in caring for your children's needs.

Common First Year Trauma and Strains

The National Safety Council conducted a study observing 536 infants their first year of life. The study discovered that 255 (47.5%) had fallen head first from a high place.

Source: Eriksen K, Upper Cervical Subluxation Complex, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2004

One thing you should know is that the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for a ban on walkers with wheels. The APP has stated that over 8,000 babies per year are injured by using walkers on wheels. Injuries include burns (the walker makes them higher off the ground & more easily able to reach the stove & table top), falling down stairs (child pushes into door while in walker), drowning (falling into bathtub or pool while in walker) and even poisoning (again by being able to reach things they ordinarily could not if they were not seated in a mobile walker).

Source: www.earlyinterventionsupport.com/parentingtips/products/walkers.aspx

The National Safety Council conducted a study observing 536 infants their first year of life. The study discovered that 255 (47.5%) had fallen head first from a high place.

Source: Eriksen K, Upper Cervical Subluxation Complex, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2004

One thing you should know is that the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for a ban on walkers with wheels. The APP has stated that over 8,000 babies per year are injured by using walkers on wheels. Injuries include burns (the walker makes them higher off the ground & more easily able to reach the stove & table top), falling down stairs (child pushes into door while in walker), drowning (falling into bathtub or pool while in walker) and even poisoning (again by being able to reach things they ordinarily could not if they were not seated in a mobile walker).

Source: www.earlyinterventionsupport.com/parentingtips/products/walkers.aspx

 

“But the American Academy of Pediatrics decided to reiterate its opposition to walkers not only because of safety concerns and studies that showed that 1 out of every 10 children who used a walker had a severe head injury, but also other recent studies that said walkers may actually slow a baby's development.”

Source: abcnews.go.com/Health/story?id=117253&page=

 

Baby walkers have had so many safety problems some officials think they should be banned. Experts believe that up to 40% of babies using walkers will be hurt by them. Babies in walkers have fallen down stairs and been badly hurt or killed--even with safety gates on the stairs.

Source: extension.psu.edu/parenting

3,300 emergency room treatments due to injuries – scroll down for chart information

Source: www.cpsc.gov//PageFiles/136143/nursery11.pdf

In 2013, the Consumer Products Safety Commission received reports of injuries from the impact of a small yellow sun toy on the Baby Einstein Activity Jumper which resulted in a recall.

Source: www.ksdk.com/news/article/389442/3/Infant-toy-recalled-due-to-injuries

There are 11,300 emergency room treated injuries sustained falling from a high chair each year.

Source: www.cpsc.gov//PageFiles/136143/nursery11.pdf

The report also showed that 349 people were killed between 2000 and 2011 by a falling television, appliance or piece of furniture -- 84% of them were kids younger than 9 years old. Falling televisions were more deadly, accounting for 62% of these fatalities. Last year alone, a record 41 tip-over related fatalities occurred.

The worrisome trends the report spotlighted indicated that three children are injured by a tip-over every hour -- or 71 children per day -- and one child is killed every two weeks. Seventy percent of injuries involving children were caused by televisions, followed by 26% caused by furniture like dressers or tables.

Known causes of tip-overs included climbing (36% of cases involving children), hitting or kicking (14%) or playing nearby (7%). The report also suggests that some of these incidents are occurring as families swap out their heavier, older TVs for flat-screen models. The CPSC received reports that older, heavier television were moved to other areas of the house like the bedroom, where they were placed without a proper stand or anchoring device.

Source: www.cbsnews.com/8301-204_162-57558985/tipping-televisions-kill-record-number-of-u.s-kids-govt-warns/

A new study in the medical journal Pediatrics found that from 1999 to 2008, an estimated 932,000 children under the age of 5 — or nearly 100,000 children each year — were taken to hospitals for injuries they sustained on a staircase, usually at home. Averaged over a year, the numbers mean that every six minutes, a young child is treated in an emergency room for a stair-related injury.

Source: well.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/12/stairs-at-home-remain-a-childhood-hazard/

(CBS News) Every six minutes, an American child under the age of 5 falls down the stairs and is rushed to the hospital. That's the latest from the first nationally representative review of stair-related injuries in children. The report found nearly 932,000 children younger than 5 were sent to the emergency room between 1999 and 2008 - that's nearly 100,000 kids per year treated for falling down the stairs.

Source: www.cbsnews.com/8301-504763_162-57395274-10391704/ stair-injuries-report-every-six-minutes-u.s-child-falls/ 14

 

Chemical Stressors

 

Formula Feeding Infants:

  • • Increased likelihood of infections
  • • Prone to developing allergies later in life

 

Statistics

  • • 70% of infants are breastfed at birth
  • • Only 36% at 6 months
  • • Less than 18% at 12 months

 

Sources: www.childtrendsdatabank.org/indicators/90Breastfeeding.cfm and www.childbirthsolutions.com/articles/postpartum/infantformula/index.php

 

Most common symptoms or reactions of intolerance to infant formula:

  • • Fussiness and Discomfort
  • • Constipation
  • • Forceful Vomiting
  • • Bloody Stool     Source: www.livestrong.com/article/547018-signs-symptoms-of-baby-formula-intolerance/

Additnonal symptoms and reactions to infant formula:

 

Skin Symptoms – BabyCenter.com suggests the most obvious signs of formula allergy are skin symptoms. This includes a red rash, hives (raised red bumps), and dry, flaky patches of skin (eczema). Eczema most often occurs on the forehead.

 

Gastrointestinal Symptoms – Vomiting, both shortly after feeding and several hours later, are potential signs of formula allergies. The infant's stools may be unusually hard or overly loose, watery and foul smelling. A baby may develop abdominal or intestinal gas. Spit up is a common newborn reaction to any formula or breast milk. Differentiating between normal baby spit up and excessive may be difficult, but formula allergies can cause persistent and large quantities of spit up. Projectile vomiting, where the infant can expel stomach contents more than just a few inches away from the mouth, can be associated with formula allergies. The unusual bowel movements can cause a red ring around the rectum that is not cleared up with normal diaper rash treatment, states BabyCenter.com.

 

Behavioral Symptoms – Some babies are described as "colicky," or overly fussy. If this behavior is most common shortly after finishing a bottle, it may be due to formula sensitivities. A baby may cry despite all attempts at consolation. Merck Manuals points out that crying from formula allergies can last hours. A sharp cry can suggest the infant has abdominal pains, another symptom of allergy.

Source: www.livestrong.com/article/83605-formula-allergy-symptoms-babies/ 15 © 2019 First Adjustment – All rights reserved.

 

Introducing incorrect foods too early:

  • • Grains (infant cereal) by 4-6 months
  • • Cow’s milk at 12 months
  • • Yogurt at 7-8 months
  • • Cheese at 6 months
  • • Sugary drinks (fruit juice) at approximately 6 months

 

Sources: babyparenting.about.com/od/startingsolids/f/startingwheat.htm

www.babycenter.com/0_cows-milk-when-and-how-to-introduce-it_1334703.bc

wholesomebabyfood.momtastic.com/tipYogurt.htm#.UiwU6D8bi7I

www.babycenter.com/408_when-can-my-baby-eat-cheese_1368504.bc

wholesomebabyfood.momtastic.com/juiceforbaby.htm#.UiwWCj8bi7I

 

Infant and Toddler Eating

  • • 29% of infants ate solid foods before the recommended age range of 4 to 6 months
  • • Nearly 25% of 19 to 24-month-old babies are not eating a single fruit or vegetable a day
  • • Half of 7 to 8-month-olds eat desserts or salty snacks or drink sweetened beverages
  • • A quarter of toddlers 19 to 24-month-olds eat hot dogs, bacon, or sausage once a day
  • • More than one in 10 toddlers eat pizza on a daily basis
  • Source: www.webmd.com/parenting/news/20031027/babies-get-early-start-fast-food-diet

Antibiotics use in babies may increase childhood asthma risks – When babies are given antibiotics, their risk of developing asthma by age 6 may increase by as much as 50%.

The relationship between antibiotic use in babies less than six months old and risk of developing asthma has been clearly documented in a study conducted by Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) researcher Kari Risnes.

“Asthma is a very common disease. At the same time, about one-third of infants in our study were treated with antibiotics by the time they were six months old. This proportion is about 30 per cent in other Western countries,” says Risnes.

Source: www.ntnu.edu/news/antibiotics-use-and-asthma-in-children

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