Learn more about the vertebrae of the spine.
There are 24 moveable vertebrae and four sections of the human spine.
Below are tabs that identify with the four sections of the spine as labeled in the adjacent image. Click on the bar below to expand that section to learn more about that section's subluxation related conditions
*Information published in Gray's Anatomy, 30th Edition, Page 5.
- Cervical Vertebrae
(Atlas)Blood supply to the head, pituitary gland, scalp, bones of the face, brain, inner and middle ear, sympathetic nervous system.Headaches, nervousness, insomnia, head colds, high blood pressure, migraine headaches, nervous breakdowns, amnesia, chronic tiredness, dizziness.
(Axis)Eyes, optic nerves, auditory nerves, sinuses, mastoid bones, tongue, forehead.Sinus trouble, allergies, pain around the eyes, earache, fainting spells, certain cases of blindness, crossed eyes, deafness.
C3Cheeks, outer ear, face bones, teeth, Trifacial nerve.Neuralgia, neuritis, acne or pimples, eczema.
C4Nose, lips, mouth, Eustachian tube.Hay fever, runny nose, hearing loss, adenoids.
C5Vocal cords, neck glands, pharynx.Laryngitis, hoarseness, throat conditions such as sore throat or quinsy.
C6Neck muscles, shoulders, tonsils.Stiff neck, pain in upper arm, tonsillitis, chronic cough, croup.
C7Thyroid gland, bursa in the shoulders, elbows.Bursitis, colds, thyroid conditions.
- Thoracic Vertebrae
T1Arms from the elbows down, including hands, wrists, and fingers, esophagus and trachea.Asthma, cough, difficult breathing, shortness of breath, pain in lower arms and hands.
T2Heart, including heart valves and covering, coronary arteries.Functional heart conditions and certain chest conditions.
T3Lungs, bronchial tubes, pleura, chest, breast.Bronchitis, pleurisy, pneumonia, congestion, influenza.
T4Gallbladder, common duct.Gallbladder conditions, jaundice, shingles.
T5Liver, Solar plexus, general circulation.Liver conditions, fevers, blood pressure problems, poor circulation, arthritis.
T6Stomach.Stomach troubles, including: nervous stomach, indigestion, heartburn, dyspepsia.
T7Pancreas, duodenum.Ulcers, gastritis.
T9Adrenal and suprarenal glands.Allergies, hives.
T10Kidneys.Kidney troubles, hardening of the arteries, chronic tiredness, nephritis, pyelitis.
T11Kidneys, ureters.Skin conditions, such as acne, pimples, eczema or boils.
T12Small intestines, lymph circulation.Rheumatism, gas pains, certain types of sterility.
- Lumbar Vertebrae
L1Large intestines, inguinal ringsConstipation, colitis, dysentery, diarrhea, some ruptures and hernias
L2Appendix, abdomen, upper legCramps, difficult breathing, minor varicose veins
L3Sex organs, uterus, bladder, kneesBladder troubles, painful or irregular menstrual cycles, miscarriages, bed-wetting, impotency, change of life symptoms, many knee pains
L4Prostate gland, muscles of the lower back, sciatic nerveSciatica, lumbago, difficult, painful or too frequent urination, backaches
L5Lower legs, ankles, feetPoor circulation in the legs, swollen ankles, weak ankles and arches, cold feet, weakness in the legs, leg cramps
- Sacrum & Coccyx
SacrumHip bones and buttocksSacroiliac conditions, spinal curvatures
CoccyxRectum and anusHemorrhoids (piles), pruritus (itching), pain at end of spine when sitting
*Information published in Gray's Anatomy, 30th Edition, Page 5